What is the difference between casting and forging of valves

Anyone who comes into contact with valves should have come into contact with the terms casting and forging. Casting and forging are two different processes for valve making. What are their respective meanings?
Casting has been mastered by mankind as a metal thermal processing process for about 6,000 years. Casting valve: It is to smelt metal into a liquid that meets the requirements and pour it into the specified valve model. After cooling, solidification and cleaning, valve castings with predetermined shape, size and performance can be obtained. This is the entire process of casting valves. .
The production of casting and valve is after the 20th century. The rapid development of casting has created ductile iron, malleable cast iron, which are still often used in valve products, as well as ultra-low carbon stainless steel and aluminum-copper, aluminum-silicon, aluminum-magnesium alloy, titanium-based , nickel-based alloys and other cast metal materials.
The main advantage of casting is that the cost of the blank produced by casting is low, and it is more economical for parts with complex shapes, especially with complex inner cavities. At the same time, it has wide adaptability and good comprehensive mechanical properties. However, there are many materials and equipment required for casting production, and dust, harmful gas and noise will be generated to pollute the environment.
Forging valve is a processing method that uses forging machinery to apply pressure to metal valve blanks to produce plastic deformation to obtain forgings with certain mechanical properties, certain shape and size. Forging can be divided into open forging (free forging) and closed mode forging according to the forming method. Forging can be divided into hot forging, warm forging and cold forging according to the deformation temperature. Forging materials are mainly carbon steel and alloy steel of various compositions, followed by aluminum, magnesium, titanium, copper, etc. and their alloys. The original state of the material is bar, ingot, metal powder and liquid metal. The ratio of the cross-sectional area of ​​the metal before deformation to the die cross-sectional area after deformation is called the forging ratio.
Through forging, the as-cast looseness and welding holes of the metal can be eliminated, and the mechanical properties of forgings are generally better than those of castings of the same material. For important parts in machinery with high load and severe working conditions, forgings are mostly used in addition to rolling plates, profiles or welded parts with simple shapes. Correct selection of forging ratio has a lot to do with improving product quality and reducing costs.
Casting valve is a valve made by casting. Generally, the pressure level of casting valves is relatively low (such as PN16, PN25, PN40, but there are also high-pressure ones, which can reach 1500Lb, 2500Lb, and most of the calibers are above DN50. Forging valves are forging and punching. They are generally used in pipelines with high pressure levels. Forged valves are mainly small-diameter, generally below DN50.


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Media

Get The Latest Updates

Subscribe To Our Weekly Newsletter

No spam, notifications only about new products, updates.

Most Popular

want totalk
with us?

Leave your details and one of our experts will contact you!

Scroll to Top