German is spoken through the large areas in central Europe. It is the Germany’s national language of Switzerland and Austria. From this homeland it is carried by emigration to many parts of the world. There are many German speaking communities in south and north and South America.
In German, the German standard is actually called hochdeutsch. It reflects the fact that its phonetics are of those of the High German spoken in the different parts of areas.
Who defines the German standard?
Like in France the standard language in the area in which German language is spoken. It is not governed by the legitimized body. The regulatory authorities do not actually exist such as the minister conference of cultural and educational issues. The minister of art, education and Austrian culture in Switzerland heated the debates. Their debate clearly revealed how much power people have to enforce their public views in the public spheres.
On the other hand, dictionaries exist for German standards as well as for institutions. That all defines the norms. From 1995 to 1996 that dictionary in the federal republic of Germany was then regarded as the official German orthography.
Characteristics of German standard
German has the following consonants that are mentioned in the phonetic symbols such as p, b, t, d, k, g. in the orthography German w indicates as v sound symbol. It spells and f sound in native words but v is always sounded as loan words. German sp, st and spell the sound of st and sp in most positions but they spell differently in the beginning. The spelling marks tz a preceding short vowel and the spelling z marks it long.
Standardization and ideology
There are many reasons why the language is standardized. This process has a variety of consequences. The fact is that in the 19th century German has become established as the national language that is allowed by the homogenous economic area. Moreover language standards always have ideological dimensions. German as the standard language evolved with the history as umbrella spanning. Its grammar and vocabulary is standardized as well as its context and its standards that are being used.
German in many countries
In the standardization German case the process lasted in many countries. In the 15th and in the 16th centuries the language became standardized across the region. These are all the basis of the east upper German and east central German variants. Next the language was verified and written was standardized by the Weimar classicism. No German standard is also talked about in the 19th century.
In German, the German standard is actually called hochdeutsch. It reflects the fact that its phonetics are of those of the High German spoken in the different parts of areas. German is spoken through the large areas in central Europe. It is the Germany’s national language of Switzerland and Austria. From this homeland it is carried by emigration to many parts of the world.